The Great Gatsby by Scott Fitzgerald

The Great Gatsby  was published
in 1925, this is a novel of triumph and tragedy, noted for the remarkable way
its author captures a cross-section of American society. In The Great Gatsby
Fitzgerald, explain in his poetic and imagination way, holds a mirror up to the
society o that he was a part.

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Economically, 1920s was a  great economic gain, at least for the people
of tupper class. Between 1922 and 1929, dividends from stock increase by 108%,
corporate profits raised by 76%, and personal wages grew by 33%. Nick’s journey
to East to make his fortune in the bond business is not fully untested. Mainly
because of developments in technology, productivity improved though overall production
costs reduced, and economy was increased. 
The stock market crash happened 
in 1929. He didn’t  predict that,
but in the commercial growth of the 1920s resulted in broad materialism. As
people start to have more money, they started to buy more. So the revenues raised,
more goods was peoduced, and people earned more money. People started to spend
their money on consumer goods  like cars,
radios, telephones, and refrigerators  at
a rate never before seen. And also started 
to expend time and money on recreation and leisure. Professional sports
started to grow in popularity.

The modernization of society speeded and life in the city
was more happy than ever before. Accompanied by the new jazz music, this new
way of life to some that never ending display of immoral behavior. One of the
most radical counter reactions to the changes in society and the new way of
life was the introduction of Prohibition, a law which made it illegal to production
and sell alcohol. however it never really succeeded with its purpose,
Prohibition changed the liquor market mainly. A lot of money  earned by smuggling, selling alcohol and in
some cases fortunes made by lower social class people. The Prohibition was important
for the time and it plays a vital role in the novel.

Another feature of this novel is that has historical roots
centers on the 18th Amendment to the Constitution: prohibition sanctioned in
1919. This made it illegal for anyone to production, sell, or transport liquor
of any kind. Millions of Americans welcomed this amendment as a good advance.
Despite the millions who supported prohibition, millions also broke the law and
drank the forbidden liquor. The organized crime stepped in to meet the demand when
the illegal liquor business became profitable. Production and distributing
alcohol were big businesses during the years of prohibition and helped make the
fortunes of the newly rich found within Fitzgerald’s novel, with Meyer
Wolfshiem and Gatsby.

Many women move in the workforce when men went to war and don’t
want to give up the by-products of their work , social and economic freedom ,
when men came back from the war. In 1920, the 19th Amendment was passed. That gave
the women the right to vote, made their independence even more vital. In 1920s,
young men and women declined to be content sustaining the status quo, and so
they openly and wholeheartedly rebelled.

Socially, the 1920s made a 
major change especially for women. Women bobbed the hair, that one great
indicator of traditional femininity. To complement their more masculine look,
women also started to give up wearing corsets, the restrictive undergarment planned
to emphasize a woman’s hips, waist, and breasts, as if to reinvent themselves,
according to their own rules. Other things women have done that was before
unheard of comprised of smoking and drinking openly, as well as relaxing
formerly firm attitudes toward sex. Myrtle wanted to alter to that present
society. So she determined to do so at all costs. Daisy tried to break away
from the limited society that she raised, but she couldn’t break completely and
so she falls back into the only thing she knows, money. Jordan Baker, too, is
an liberated woman. She passes time as a professional golfer, a profession made
possible largely because of the social and economic progress of the 1920s.

Fitzgerald interacted by earning and spending money and also
in that time a change in how wealth was measured began to happen. His attention
in money something  that Fitzgerald
shared with many of the young men that he went to Princeton with and tried to
pursue a career in the business world. Houses, land, and machinery were always
in focus when it came to measure the wealth. Though, a person’s yearly revenue
became more relevant as earning and spending money was more than ever before a
way to grade success, and failure as well. But Jay Gatsby is a very wealthy
man, he is, since he falls short in most of the features that determines a person’s
social status, not an equal to the likes of Daisy and Tom in the eyes of the
old upper class society. Therefore, Gatsby never stands a chance of succeeding
with his attempt to win back Daisy, who is a part of that society and of a various
status.  

 In Tom Buchanan,
Fitzgerald shows that the upper class man used his old family money to get whatever
he likes even women. As a representative of the whole upper class Tom denotes
all the negative things about a divided society as he was ready to sacrifice
people around him for his own selfish need. Tom’s arrogance can be explained by
the fact that he lived his whole life trusting that he belongs to a superior
group of people due to his privileged heritage.

Gatsby is Fitzgerald’s characterization of the American
Dream, with his journey from a farm boy to a very wealthy man who lives luxury.
Gatsby’s dream is not, though, complete without Daisy and his dream of winning
her is  not possible because of the
social status. Gatsby’s heritage doesn’t make a social status that is similar
to Daisy’s, according to the society that she is a part of, and that is what
becomes his downfall.  At the end, Fitzgerald
accepts the influence background has on human relationships. Daisy is an example
of this as she selects to commit to her, in her society, high social status
than a life with Gatsby, which will adversely affect her status.

So in this novel, Fitzgerald obviously shows how the economy
and society changes  and the depth of it,
as there are more aspects to it than what we can assume by looking at a certain
lifestyle. Through Gatsby, Fitzgerald shows the enterprising Jazz Ager, someone
who has worked hard and profited from listening and responding to the demands
of the society. Unluckily, despite his success, Gatsby is never able to capture
his dreams. Even though Fitzgerald’s story is  a fiction, is informed by reality, helps to
make it one of the most treasured pieces of early twentieth century American
fiction.

 

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