Parveen GillEnglish 11Typology of Serial Killers Essay    Ever speculated what causes the compulsion in humans to gruesomely kill? An extensive amount of people lack awareness about the various categorizations of serial killers. These disparate types of serial killers can be differentiated on the basis of their motives, but a majority of them share a similar past. The occurrences of their past immensely impact the actions and demeanor of their future. Each occurrence can conceivably influence the future of an individual. There are four predominant classifications of serial killers which are based on the inclusive motive of the individual. Thrill seeking serial killers acquire immense satisfaction from the course of murder, while instilling extreme pain or terror within their victims.Those who believe they do society a favour by eradicating specific people are referred to as mission-oriented serial killers. Visionary serial killers periodically suffer from psychological episodes, in which they believe they are someone else or feel constrained o murder by higher entities. Lastly, hedonistic lust killers crave sexual pleasure from the murders they perpetrate – regardless of whether the victims are alive or dead. Comprehensively, there are numerous types of serials killers who murder for varied personal reasons but usually share a homologous past.     The principal intent of a thrill-seeking killer is to inculcate affliction and fear within their targets, which provides a sense of adrenaline and excitement for the killer. Sure enough, similar to the effects of a narcotic, they become addicted to the exhilarating gratification of hunting and killing victims. Correspondingly, thrill seekers are persistently attempting to deceive the law as a source of entertainment; they also easily get away due to their extreme precision. Additionally these organized serial killers keep intricate records of their killings, and they crave a euphoric thrill supplied by subduing and apprehending their victims. To add more incitement to the killing process the offender may stalk their prey in advance, and the victims are often randomly selected.  Thrill-seeking killers lose any form of interest they may have towards the target after the their death. They do not partake in necrophilia, which is engaging in sexual acts with the deceased, as they only attain pleasure from the events leading up to the murder. By leaving descriptive notes of their murders, these serial killers are commonly known to taunt and ridicule law enforcement for attention. The infamous “Zodiac” was the ultimate thrill killer who operated in Northern California during the late 1960s and early 1970s. This anonymous killer chose the name Zodiac in a sequence of disparaging letters sent to local newspapers in the San Francisco Bay Area. He violently tormented his 5 randomly chosen victims and stopped killing for unknown reasons, but up until to this day his identity remains a mystery. For the notorious Zodiac, the occurrences leading up to the climactic murders provided him the most amusement. The astounding exhilaration that the Zodiac Killer received from his murders is evident in the words contained in his letters. In these letters he states “Killing people is so much fun. It’s even better than killing wild game in the forest because man is the most dangerous animal. To kill gives me the most thrilling experience. It is even better than getting your rocks off with a girl.” From the analysis of his statement, it can be concluded that he was mentally ill. Nothing in the world was comparable to the joy he received from slaughtering innocent people. For psychopathic thrill killers such as the Zodiac Killer, the series of actions leading up to the murder supply them with the greatest satisfaction of their lives. However, unlike the missionary serial killer they do not murder for their strong biased opinions. Mission-oriented serial killers feel compelled to annihilate specifically targeted genres of people who they believe are deserving of death. They carefully choose their victims based on personal experiences or their current beliefs. Therefore, elucidating the impression that they consider their group of victims as “undesirables”. The candidates of these serial killers can include LGBTQ people, drug dealers, prostitutes or people with varying religions. Furthermore, mission-oriented serial killers are not universally psychotic and identify as highly organized killers. They eagerly stalk their targets and quickly kill them. The killers feel as if they are on a mission and that society is appreciative for their service. The murders are deliberated and in their own minds advantageous. These missionary killers do not apprehend that their actions are a societal ill. An example of a well-known missionary serial killer is Joseph Paul Franklin, an American who killed between the 1970’s and 1980’s. Famously known as  “The Racist Killer”, he constructed his killing methods based on a fictional novel, “Hunter” written by a white supremacist. Situated upon Franklin’s hatred for blacks and Jews, he himself also became a white supremacist, as well as a member of the KKK. Joseph truly believed he was cleansing the world by savagely murdering biracial couples along with bombing synagogues. Correspondingly, when Joseph was questioned, he stated his motive for the killings was to incite a race war. He asserted, “I felt like I was at war. The survival of the white race was at stake.” Joseph’s account of the murders constantly varied the police could never determine the full extent of the crimes. In context, a factor that contributes to his formation as a serial killer is that he grew up being abused by his single mother in a poverty-stricken household. Franklin’s emotional and mental development was stunted at a young age. He explained that “his momma didn’t care about him,” this had a very negative impact on him.  Based on their own personal beliefs, missionary serial killers murder because they are driven to eliminate a particular group of people. However, unlike the visionary killer they do not suffer from psychosis.    Visionary serial killers are major targets of psychological illnesses where their delusions or hallucinations direct them to kill. They believe they are not themselves or feel compelled to murder by spiritual souls such as God or the devil. Visionary killers are typically easy to locate due to the fact that they are extremely unorganized murderers. Usually leaving behind a chaotic crime scene with an abundance of physical evidence. Also, such killers suffer from a common mental illness which is commonly schizophrenia. The voices within the offender’s mind encourage them to viciously massacre within their own insanity. In correlation, visionary serial killers select their victims seemingly at random based acumen. Since the act of killing is their instantaneous goal, they choose the nearest individual. Additionally referred to as the .44 caliber killer, David Berkowitz is famous serial killer who shot thirteen people. Berkowitz believed that a dog owned by his neighbour was a demon in disguise, who sending him murderous messages through its persistent barking. Afore his arrest, he sent the police and press handwritten letters asserting that Satan was ordering him to kill, in order to rid of his sins. After a questionnaire session with an FBI agent, David revealed the reasoning behind his killings and mental issues. He admitted that he felt resentment towards his mother and other women who rejected him during his childhood. Joseph Paul Franklin and David Berkowitz were both troubled serial killers who had terrible mothers. However, their motives for their killings differed. With no desire towards their victims,visionary serial killers murder due to the perception of imaginary voices within their head. Whereas, the Lust serial killers only murder to satisfy their sexual fantasies.Hedonistic Lust serial killers crave immense sexual pleasure from the murders they execute to fulfill their kinky fantasies. These lust killers can be either remarkably organized or disorganized but their prevalent motif is still focused around intense, violent sexual visions.  In the duration of selecting a victim, the offender must find a feature they are sexually attracted towards. Likewise, they are often master stalkers and use any predatory actions necessary to lure their victims into a trap. Sex is the predominant motive for lust killers whether the targets are dead or alive. The overall purpose is to gain complete control of their victims, with sexual assault being the apparatus used to establish control and dominance. Moreover, as their urges become more and more insistent, their murdering career progresses. A decline in the cooling down period between the murders is also present. Ted Bundy was a feared American serial killer in the 1970’s, who stalked, raped, and killed more than 30 females. Bundy brutally raped and sexually assaulted the women before murdering them. He proclaimed “Murder is not about lust and it’s not about violence. It’s about possession.”  Prior to the killings, he stalked his victims as it would create anticipation resulting up to their deaths. Additionally, he would carefully choose his victims, seeking out women with long, dark hair, parted in the middle- a very specific feature he was sexually attracted to. He would frequently participate in necrophilia and kept the heads of his victims for mementos. Since his mother gave birth at a very young age, Ted started life as his mother’s secret shame. Therefore, he was later adopted by his grandparents. Similar to other serial killers, Bundy also experienced a somewhat stressful childhood. Hedonistic Lust serial killers have an intense desire to achieve their vulgar barbarous fantasies through sexually assaulting their murdered victims.Serial killers cannot be classified into one category, they each have disparate appellations and distinctive motives. Within the last decade, the world has experienced an astounding escalation in serial killings. Although serial killers murder for contrasting reasons, they may share a comparable past.  Based upon the internal motive of the individual it can be concluded that there are four preeminent categorizations of serial killers. Thrill seekers derive tremendous gratifaction from the process of murder while embedding maximum agony and fear within their victims. Those who truly believe they are purifying society by deracinating certain people are identified as missionary serial killers. Visionary serial killers repeatedly endure the psychological pressures exerted by their ambiance. They postulate that they are enforced to kill by fictional spirits. To conclude, regardless of whether the victims are dead or alive the hedonistic lust killer obtains erotic arousal from the murders they commit. In correlation, the conduct and disposition of the future are tremendously impacted by the circumstances of the past. Each incident can presumably affect the future of an individual. In summary, there are various kinds of serial killers who have completely diverse motives but often retain a cognated past. Although one now possesses an abundant knowledge on serial killers, one may never be able to easily discern a serial killer hidden in plain sight.