Marion Jones was born on October 12, 1975 in Los Angeles, California. After her parents separated, shestarted running and playing basketball to manage her stress. Although she was accused of doping throughout herhigh school career, she was successfully defended by an attorney each time.Jones attended the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on a full basketball scholarship and helpedher team win the NCAA Championship in her freshman year. Jones eventually opted to focus on track and shewon the 100 m sprint at the 1997 World Championships in Athens. While at UNC, Jones dated track coach andshot putter C.J. Hunter. After they married in 1998, they trained together for the 2000 Summer Olympics inSydney.Just hours after Jones won her first Olympic event in Sydney, the International Olympic Committee(IOC) announced that her husband, who was not able to compete due to a knee injury, failed four pre-Olympicdrug tests. Jones went on to win gold medals in the 100 m sprint, 200 m sprint, and 4×400 relay. She won bronzemedals in the long jump and 4×100 relay. Jones remained dominant in women’s sprinting and played someWNBA basketball, making her one of the most popular and recognizable American athletes.Marion Jones wrote an autobiography stating that her husband’s positive drug tests hurt their marriageand she was divorced from C.J. Hunter in 2002. Hunter eventually confessed to using steroids and even testifiedthat he witnessed Jones injecting herself with steroids. This, along with the BALCO doping scandal and link toformer trainer, Trevor Graham, greatly brought Jones into question about using performance-enhancing drugs.2Hunter said that Jones received Erthropoietin (EPO) from Graham. Hunter went on to say that Graham distributedBALCO “nutritional supplements”, which were actually an experimental class of steroids undetectable by drugscreening procedures at the time.In 2003, Marion Jones gave birth to a son with her boyfriend at the time, Tim Montgomery. Montgomeryhimself was later charged by the United States Anti-Doping Agency (USADA) as part of investigation into theBALCO doping scandal for use of performance-enhancing drugs. Montgomery was stripped of all race results,records, and titles.Marion Jones continued to deny accusations of doping for years. She constantly said that she never testedpositive for performance-enhancing drugs and primarily blamed C.J. Hunter for preventing her from establishinga drug-free image. However, a pattern of Jones training with coaches and athletes associated with performance-enhancing drugs was apparent. In 2004, the founder of BALCO, Victor Conte, said he personally gave Jonesperformance-enhancing drugs before and after the 2000 Olympic Games in Sydney. In 2006, The WashingtonPost cited unidentified sources that an “A” sample of Marion Jones’ urine was obtained and tested positive forEPO. In response, Jones hired a lawyer, named Howard Jacobs, who represented other athletes in doping cases,including Tim Montgomery. Jones’ lawyers announced that the related “B” urine sample tested negative of EPOand that Jones should be cleared of all allegations.By 2007, Jones found herself in financial trouble due to fighting numerous allegations of doping. Finallyafter Jones was involved with her former coach and Tim Montgomery in a check-counterfeiting scheme, sheadmitted to lying under oath about use of performance-enhancing drugs prior to the 2000 Summer Olympics. Shealso pleaded guilty to making false statements about the BALCO and check fraud to IRS Special Agent, JeffNovitzky. Afterward, the US Olympic Committee demanded that Jones return all medals earned at the 2000Summer Olympics and the IOC disqualified her from competing in the 2008 Summer Olympics. Jones was alsosentenced to serve six months in jail in 2008. During an interview with Oprah Winfrey, Jones stated she wouldhave won her medals at the 2000 Summer Olympics without performance-enhancing drugs.From her book, Marion Jones was motivated to take performance-enhancing drugs due to a drive to be thebest and from pressure that came from her trainers and fellow track athletes. Due to her admission, it is clear thatMarion Jones did use performance-enhancing drugs. However, it is difficult to determine what effect those drugshad because allegations date as far back as to when Jones was in high school. There is also not a clear timeframewhen Jones was not using performance-enhancing drugs to reference, if at all. Any decline or inconsistencies inher performances after the 2000 Summer Olympics could be attributed to aging, injuries, and multiplepregnancies. Due to how dramatically Jones beat her competition to set records, how dominant she was inwomen’s sprinting (even when running into headwinds and beating other athletes who admitted to doping) duringthe time she admitted to using performance-enhancing drugs, it is very likely that her illegal drug use resulted in acompetitive advantage. Without a doubt, Marion Jones’ link to performance-enhancing drugs has been strong andfor a long period of time and that destroyed her career and legacy

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