Maggie SchafferPeriod 6 IA IntroductionWord Count: 398 “Listening to classical musical can make you more intelligent”, is often a misinterpretation of the Mozart Effect. The Mozart effect was a theory that was conceptualized during the mid 90s by Rauscher. In which he explained that listening to music before completing a task increased visuospatial abilities and results in a better performance on that task. Kristen M. Nantais and E. Glenn Schellenberg replicated Rauscher et al. (1993, 1995) in July of 1999, which they extended. They started by first testing 56 students then, in a second experiment, testing 28 students with computerized Paper Fold and Cutting tasks, which were supposed to provoke a certain area in the brain. Their goal was to visualize the cuts/folds of the paper and then select the option that shows how it would look unfolded. Before the test, the students were placed into conditions: Music and Control. All student got the chance to participate in both conditions. In the Music Condition, the subjects were exposed to either 10 minutes of Mozart’s Sonata s or Schubert’s Fantasia. The control group required the participants to sit in silence for 10 minutes but the control group in the second experiment were required to listen to a 10 minute short story named “The Last Rung on the Ladder”, which acted as a stimulus that was interesting enough to keep the participants engaged yet not arousing like the Mozart or Schubert. The participants in experiment 2 were also asked which condition they prefered after they tested. After experiment 1, they successfully replicated Rauscher et al. The scores on the task were better after listening to music than the control. 20% was accounted for the difference between the conditions and when they went on to the next there was an 8% learning curve. After experiment 2, 14% was accounted for the conditions while there was a less than 0.1% learning curve, this shows that there was no difference between the conditions and their scores but they also found that the participants improved more in the condition that they enjoyed more and the Mozart effect disappears. Overall this replication suggests that even though it’s only short term, listening to classical music, as well as doing something interesting, before completing a task has a positive effect.Aim: to investigate (1)the effect classical music has on visuospatial tasks (2)the influence that preference has on the Mozart Effect.
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