Israel has the 4th largest airforce in the world after the US, Russia, and China, and this includes a arsenal of 250 F-16’s. The region of Palestine is very close to Jerusalem. Many years ago the countries went to war for control of this territory. The Jewish refugees in Palestine where having conflicts with Muslims. The Israel then went to war over the region. The Israeli War of Independence lasted for 9 months in total. Egypt and Jordan went to war over who gets control over Palestine and who would control Jerusalem. This happened in 1948, where Israel defeated Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Sudan, Lebanon, and Syria. The British White Papers would form Palestine where it would be neither a Jewish state or Arab State. The Palestinian were not happy about that. The British White Paper compromised the rights of the Palestinian Arabs because of their conflicts with the Jewish people. When Israel declared its independence after the British Mandate ended in May 1948, the country declared its independence, Jerusalem was put under international control, but the Arab Palestinians didn’t like that because they thought the UN was being biased to the Jewish population. The war first started with just regular bands of Palestinians fighting against the Israelis. The main army was known as the Haganah. They were the underground militia group during the period when the British controlled Palestine. The Arabs attacked main Jewish cities, but were held off by the Haganah. The Israelis resisted air attacks from the combined force of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt. Tel Aviv was safe when the Israeli air force held off the attacks. Jerusalem was spared because it contained the site where Muhammad, the creator of Islam went to heaven. It also contains the site where the Jewish temple once stood, or the Western Wall, and the Jerusalem also contains the church were Jesus was crucified. A White flag was called in 1949 by the United Nations. The agreement helped Israel gain some territory, but the Gaza Strip was given to Jordan and Egypt. The armistice lines held until Israel launched a heavy air attack on Egypt air force 18 years later. The armistice that was called in 1949 was broken when Israel launched an assault on Egypt; this conflict was known as the Six Days War; Egypt, Lebanon, Iraq, Syria, and Jordan were planning attacks to defeat Israel; The troops from Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan were Palestinian Arabs. The Iraqis and Lebanese army were under the command of the Egyptians. The Gulf of Aqaba was closed to Israeli shipping after Egypt’s President Gamal Abdel Nasser requested the removal of the UNEF, for this would block a big port city of Eilat in southern Israel. A few days later, on May 30, 1967. Jordan’s King hussein came to the capital city of Cairo to sign a mutual defense pact. This placed all Jordanian troops under Egyptian command, A few hours later Iraq also joined the pact, and the Syrians also joined the pact.An immediate cause of the war were the many skirmishes along the Syrian border. In response to this maybe mobilization, Israel launched a heavy opening blow. This opening blow was an air assault on Egypt. That air assault took our 90% of Egypt’s air force on the tarmac. The same was done to the Syrian air force. Their troops were left vulnerable if the airforce wasn’t there. The troops of Egypt were also left vulnerable when the Egyptian air force was taken out. Israeli air strikes took out Egypts tank troops, and Israel captured everything from the Sinai Peninsula to the bank of the Suez Canal. The Gaza Strip was also taken by the Israelites. Even though Israel gave Jordan the warning not to join the battle, they joined anyway to defend their part of the Gaza strip. They were taking out West Jerusalem by shelling that area. They had put snipers near the gates of the old city to stop Israelis from entering Jerusalem. On early afternoon of June 7, 1967, Jerusalem was officially under Israeli control. This is was only the second war that the countries fought, they would go to war again 6 years later.On the holy holiday of Yom Kippur on October 6, 1973 , the Egyptians and Syrians launched a attack on Israel; the Egyptians came from the Sinai, and the Syrians came from the Golan Heights. The main purpose of this war was to gain land lost in the Six Days War. The Egyptian president had plans of taking over Israel’s Sinai Peninsula. To execute this plan, they needed help from the Syrians, who wanted to take back Golan heights from the Israelis. The Egyptian and Soviets met in 1973 to discuss the exchange of weapons. A big weapon that was given to Egypt were some heavy anti-aircraft guns to protect against the Israeli air force. The Egyptians now also had one of the most deadly weapons of its time, SAM. SAM stands for surface-to-air missile. These missiles could be carried around in a backpack, then set up in minutes. After the missiles were set up, the user would move a few feet to the side and then launch the missile. After the missile was launched, it could be steered right on to the target which were usually tanks. Even though the tanks were made to withstand hits, the missile were made to pierce through the armour. On the other hand, the Syrian also met with the Soviets. The Soviets gave them infra red and better night vision technology. The Israelis only had a strong air power. They had never heard of the night vision technology or SAM missile systems. They were stunned on the battlefield.When the Egyptians attacked on October 6, 1973, their plan was to cross the Suez canal into the Sinai, which had been taken by the Israelis in the 1967 Six Days War. The Egyptian troops first crossed the canal. They were met by 60 feet high mountains of sand which were hard to climb. The first troops who made it to the top then put ladders to help them cross. They took the forts on the border and made a protective umbrella. The Egyptians then used High Pressure Water pipes to break ast the mountains. When they broke through the tanks were able to easily cross and take over the Israeli forts. A few days later, on October the15th, the Israeli army decided to take Chinese farm. Chinese Farm contained many Egyptian tanks and troops. The Israelis attacked from 3 sides, but they were heavily outnumbered by the Egyptians. The battle lasted all night. The Israelis then crossed the Suez to gain some territory and eventually surround the Egyptian tank forces. The Israelis pushed into Egypt to gain some territory there. The Golan Heights had vital farmlands for the Israelis. The Syrian wanted to take it back because it also provided protection. There were a few small hills that were 2,000 feet high. The heights were the things that kept the border of Syria and Israel separate. When the Syrian attacked on October 6, 1973, they took over the Southern half of the Heights. During Night battles, the Syrians had a huge advantage, they could clearly see Israeli troops and tank while using their Soviet given night vision technology. Israel couldn’t afford to fight the war on two fronts, so it decided to focus on the Golan first because the proximity to villages in Israel for the Syrians were too close for comfort. The Israelis took the Southern half of Golan Heights almost a week later; they finally took the rest by the end of the war. The conflict between the Arabs and Israelis started to come to and end when the Egyptian president visited. Peace was finally reached, and in 1982, the Israelis withdrew from the Sinai after 15 years of occupation.The British Mandate or the “White Papers” were the main causes of the 3 conflicts. The conflicts were Yom Kippur War, Six Days War, and the Israeli War of Independence. The Israeli War of Independence was fought to save Israel’s independence because the Arabs couldn’t live side by side with the Jews. They Arabs from Syria, Egypt, Jordan, and Iraq occupied many places like East Jerusalem, and parts of Southern Palestine. They were trying to stop the creation of the Jewish state. 18 years later, the Arabs fought against the Israelis to gain back the land they had lost. The Israelis won the Six Days War. This time Israelis pushed into the Sinai Desert took over the desert. After 6 years, Egypt and Syria wanted to get back the Sinai and the Golan Heights respectively. This conflict was the Yom Kippur War This time there were more battles. The Syrian were pushed back to Damascus. The Egyptians were pushed back, but they fought back. Years later, this came to an end. So, what would that region look like if Israel had not fought the Israeli War of Independence?
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