Anti-Federalist and Federalist

Political
Science 103 American Government and Politics

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

Josiah
Galan

Professor
Mike Connolly

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Anti-Federalist
and Federalist 1

Anti Federalist vs.
Federalists started after the Revolutionary war and the Americans had to figure
out a way to get themselves out of economic depression because the war was
costly and left many colonies in debt.  Anti-federalists
were those who opposed the development of a strong federal government and the
Constitution in 1788, instead for power to remain in the hands of state and
local governments. Federalists wanted a stronger national government and the
ratification of the Constitution to help properly manage the debt and tensions
following the American Revolution. People who supported the
Anti-Federalist were people who lived in rural areas and had local power.
People who supported the Federalist were rich people who lived in large rural
areas. Basically middle class people supported the Anti-Federalist and rich
people with businesses favored the Federalist. That is kind of similar to our
current fight between power of government, for example Democrats vs.
Republicans, Democrats favored people who are in the middle class and lower and
Republicans favored people who are in the high class who are wealthy.

            The Anti-Federalist wanted to be
like free agents they wanted to spend and manage their own money as they saw
fit. They believed that no one should control the way they spend and control
their money the Federalist were people who wanted the opposite. The debt and
tension in Massachusetts known as the Shay’s Rebellion was a perfect example of
why the U.S had the desire to concentrate on federal power.

            Before the constitution there were
the Articles of Confederation, a 13 article agreement between 13 founding
states that covered issues of the state sovereignty.

Anti-Federalist and Federalist 2

The Articles of
Confederation were mainly about the equal treatment of citizens,
congressional  development and
delegation, international diplomacy, armed forces, fund raising, lawmaking, the
relationship between the US and Canada and war debt. The problem with The
Articles of Confederation was it was a very weak agreement on which to base a
nation that the document never once referred to the United States of America.

With The
Articles of Confederation, congress became a form of Federal government, but it
was weak by the fact that it could not fund any of the resolutions it passed.
For example while people can print money, there was no solid regulation of the
money, which led to a fast and deep depreciation. Though congress asked for
millions of dollars in the 1780’s, they received less than 1.5 million over the
course of three years, from 1781 to 1784. This inefficient and
ineffective governance led to economic woes and eventual, if small scale,
rebellion. As George Washington’s chief of staff,
Alexander Hamilton saw firsthand that the problems caused by a weak federal
government particularly those which stemmed from a lack of centralized fiscal
and monetary policies. With Washington’s approval, Hamilton assembled a group
of nationalists at the 1786
Annapolis Convention also known as the Meeting of
Commissioners to Remedy Defects of the Federal Government. Here, delegates from
several states wrote a report on the conditions of the federal government and
how it needed to be expanded if it was to survive its domestic turmoil and
international threats as a sovereign nation. After the Articles of
Confederation cam the Constitution in 1788 where the Constitution replaced the
Articles of Confederation, greatly expands the powers of the federal
government. With their only being 27 Amendments, the US Constitution remains a

Anti-Federalist
and Federalist 3

supreme law of the United
States allowing it to define, protect, and tax its citizens. Federalist who
were the main supporters of the Constitution; they were aided by federalist
sentiment that had gained traction across many factions, uniting political
figures. The Anti-Federalist, who was leaded by Thomas Jefferson, fought
against the Constitutions ratification, mainly the amendments which gave the federal
government fiscal and monetary powers. The fight between the two groups the
Federalist and the Anti-Federalist resulted in the upcoming of the Federalist
papers and the Anti-Federalist papers, it was a series of handwritten essays
from various figures for against the ratification of the Constitution and the
protection of the Constitution. Among the Anti-Federalist were Thomas Jefferson
and James Monroe. Jefferson was the leader among the Anti-Federalist and other
prominent Anti-Federalist included Samuel Adams, Patrick Henry and Richard
Henry Lee. For the Federalist side they had Alexander Hamilton a former chief
of staff to George Washington, he was a proponent of a strong federal
government and founded the Federalist Party. He helped oversee the development
of a national bank and a taxation system. Other famous Federalist was John
Adams and John Jay.

            There were also three kinds of Anti-Federalist, the first
kind represented by politicians such as Roger Sherman and Oliver Ellsworth of
Connecticut. The second kind of Anti-Federalist were the people who were not
privy (a person having a part or
interest in any action, matter, or thing) to the debate in Philadelphia, and
has some concerns about the potentiality (the ability to develop or come into existence) of the
Constitution to lead to the concentration of power in the new government. The

Anti-Federalist and Federalist 4

Third and final groups of Anti- Federalist were those who
want as little deviation from the articles of confederation as possible and saw
that partly national and partly federal compromise as totally unsustainable.
Basically Anti-Federalist wanted a weak federal government that would not
threaten state rights and wanted the Bill of Rights to declare and protect the
rights of the people. During the Ratification the Federalists promise an
addition of a Bill of Rights. The ratification succeeded and the new government
was formed in 1789. James Madison was a Federalist or Democratic Republic who
drafted the 10 amendments to the Constitution and these become the U.S Bill of
Rights. Once again the Federalists believed that establishing a large national
government was not only possible, but necessary to create a more perfect union
by improving the relationship among the states. The Federalist also wanted to
preserve the sovereignty and structure of the states, but to do so they
advocated for a federal government with delegated powers. Anything not
delegated to the Federal government would be reserved to the people and the
states. Their goal was to preserve the principle of government by consent, by
building a government upon foundation of popular sovereignty, without
sacrificing the sovereignty of the states. Present day it appears that the
government established by the Constitution is an improvement from that which
was established by the Articles of Confederation.

Reading and writing about the
confrontation between Federalist and Anti-Federalist I would have chosen the
side of Federalist and I will explain why. To

Anti-Federalist and Federalist 5

Me Anti-Federalist were people who were scared of a strong
government because they did not want the government to control their lives and
wanted a little bit more freedom. Yes, people need their freedom but what they
need more is to be secured and free from debt. The problem there was a economic
struggle and people were in debt because of the war with Federalist we can have
people manage the finances and economy. The Anti-Federalist sounded spoiled
because they felt that the states were free agents that should manage their own
revenue and spend their money as they saw fit. Many people back then probably
were not well informed about their finances and might have spent money that
they could not afford to get back. To be on the safer side a professional
should be the one to see what a person is allowed to spend without getting
themselves into debt. At the same time Anti-Federalist have a point because
they should not have too much power to the point where they can deny a person
from purchasing a item. Anti-Federalist sounds like it is the freedom fighter
group for the people and they are a group who opposes to strong of a government
but people should know to much freedom can cause many problems. The positive
side of Federalism is the protection against tyranny, is dividing the power
between the national government and state governments and spreading the
national government’s power among three branches that serve as a check and
balance on each other. The protections we have in our system against a tyrannical,
runaway government are one of the most important points to why the system was
designed the way it was. Increasing citizen participation is by not
centralizing all

Anti-Federalist and Federalist 6

power into the hands of a national government, but sharing
that power with state governments, which are closer to the level of the common
citizen; our founders actually increased a citizen’s ability to effect their
government. Finally one more positive point is conflict management, by allowing
different communities and states to create their own practices, they allow for
people with differences or very strong disagreements, to live in separate
areas, and create their own solutions, or policies, that would be totally
disagreeable to the other people in other states or regions of the country.

Citations:

1.       Anti-Federalist vs Federalist. (n.d.). Retrieved
December 14, 2017, from https://www.diffen.com/difference/Anti-Federalist_vs_Federalist

2.      
Federalists Vs.
Anti-Federalists. (n.d.). Retrieved December 14, 2017, from
https://apgovernmentchs.wikispaces.com/Federalists Vs. Anti-Federalists

3.      
Bardes,
B. A., Shelley, M. C., & Schmidt, S. W. (2018). American government and politics today: the essentials. Boston: Cengage
Learning.

x

Hi!
I'm Cody!

Would you like to get a custom essay? How about receiving a customized one?

Check it out