1. What is a primary source essay, and what steps must you take in writing one?

A primary source is a newspaper or journal articles, letters, diary entries, speeches, and maps or photographs created by people who either witnessed or participated in an event. A primary source essay uses these documents as the information for the essay you are writing. In order to write a primary source essay you must first be sure the primary source is reliable. You want to read over the sources multiple times in order to find out information such as the purpose by Analyzing the material. You also want to come up with the thesis statement and find questions and supporting details to support and add to the thesis. 

2. For this part of the project, make a list that addresses the three parts (social, economic, and political) of the question. When you are finished, please save and submit your work.

Great Depression:
Social- feeling of exuberance, optimism and invincibility
Economic-almost overnight triggered by the 1929 Wall Street Crash and economic collapse
political- President Herbert Hoover, gave more hope than actual action. 
Great Recession:
Social-  feeling recovered from great depression, dealing with the current American issues, wanted more freedom and opportunities when it comes to healthcare and use ownership. 
Economic- Unemployment and house loans 
Political- President George W. Bush created an abundance of house ownership and healthcare policies years before great recession 

Better Homes Movement by Commerce Secretary Herbert Hoover.
Question 1
For this section about the author’s purpose, answer the following questions.
What beliefs did the author hold before creating the source that relate to the document?
Hoover wanted to focus on and celebrate home ownership, home maintenance and improvement and encourage the citizens to buy home and improve their current homes.
What motivated the person to create the source?
There was critical shortage of homes in the years right after World War I so Hoover wanted to encourage home renovations and purchasing of home to improve the economy. 
How did the author intend for the document to be received?
The author intended for the document to be received in a positive and uplifting way. 
Question 2
For this section about the author’s word choice, answer the following questions.
Does the author use any words or phrases to relate to a certain group of people? Are there words used to distance the author from any group?
The author uses words and phrases that relate more to American families or people with some money. The things the Better Homes Movement suggest or encores to do, related more to people with money. Someone without money would be unable to buy a house or make home improvements. 
What words or images are repeated? For what reasons and in what ways does the author say the same thing?
Some words or images that are repeated in this are the American families and the future generation. The author might say these things to relate to a certain group and make the audience think that this will improve the condition and life for the future generations. The author is using the audiences feelings and emotions to get them to listen and take action. 
Where is the author trying to take a stand? Why? What relevance does the language hold to the meaning of the source as a whole?
The author is trying to take a stand in an effort to improve the home conditions and explain to people the positives of things like buying a home or fixing a current one. Overall the author want the people to take a step towards improving the housing market. His language was strong and convincing so he could have an influence on the audience.  
Why did the author use one word and not another? What meanings is he or she trying to use in the piece by selecting certain words?
The author uses certain words to have a bigger influence or give off a stronger meaning. Some words have a more positive or negative meaning. By selecting the word flourish is give a stronger and more positive meaning than another word he could’ve used. 
 
Question 3
For this section about the audience that the author is addressing, answer the following questions.
Who is or was the author trying to reach in the piece?
In this piece the author is trying to reach the American people, especially the American families. 
Could the message be meant for multiple audiences? If so, how could the meanings, intentions, or explanations be different for each audience?
These piece could be meant for a couple audiences. One of the big audiences Hoover meant this for is the American families by wanting them to improve their current homes and even buy new one. He also might be reaching out to the average American with a home. The big purpose of this piece was to encourage the audience to renovate their home or buy a new one to get consumers to engage with the market. 
What reaction is the author looking to get from the various audiences?
The author wants the audience to take action and listen to what he is suggesting/talking about. 
How would people from different time periods or those who have different experiences read this selection?
 People from different time period or those who have different experiences would read and interrupt this piece in different ways. Someone experience with the market or homes might have a different option than someone who knows nothing about it. People from the time period when this first came out most likely saw it in a different way than we are now. Our options and ideas have been influenced by todays society and the way the economy and market works today. 
Question 4
For this section, consider the outcome of the policies and answer the following questions.
 
Based on the reading from the course and the comments by the author, what do you believe will be the outcome of the policies and the social movements put into place?
Based on the reading from the course and the comments by the author, I believe market and economy changes will be the outcome of the policies and the social movements put into place. 

The 5 & 10 cent store:
Identify the poster caption and/or title.
The poster caption and title is the The 5 & 10 cent store
List the objects or people you see in the poster.
On the poster I see some scissors, jewelry, pans and home decor. 
Explain the message of the poster.
The message on the poster is basically that all of these items and more are being sold for 5 and 10 cents. 
How does the message of the poster correlate with Hoover’s Better Homes Movement?
This message correlates with Hoover’s Better Homes Movement because they both encourages the people to decorate and make their home a little better by renovation. 
What special interest groups would agree/disagree with the poster’s message? Why?
A special interest group that might disagree with the posters message is other stores because of the competition or maybe the government depending on their views. Hebert Hoover would agree with the message because he wants to encourage people to decorate and improve their homes and this is a cheap way to do it. 
What impact do you think this had on the social and economic views of Americans living through the Great Depression?
This probably had a positive impact on the social and economic views Americans living through the Great Depression because a lot of American were living in bad conditions with little to know money. These spares allowed people to get items without spending a lot of money. It helped get the economy moving again because people were willing to spend money for these items since they weren’t that expensive like usual. 

Fact Sheet: America’s Ownership Society: Expanding Opportunities:
Question 1
For this section about the author’s purpose, answer the following questions.
What beliefs did the author hold before creating the source that relate to the document?
Washington’s beliefs were that these acts and new polices would make America better and improve the housing market and people health care. 
What motivated the person to create the source?
He was motivated by the conditions the American people were in and he wanted to make it easier to do things such as purchase a home. 
How did the author intend for the document to be received?
 The author intended it to be revived in a positive way and wanted the people to have better opportunities. 
Question 2
For this section about the author’s word choice, answer the following questions.
Does the author use any words or phrases to relate to a certain group of people? Are there words used to distance the author from any group?
The author uses words to relate to the American people to discuss the future and improvements. 
What words or images are repeated? For what reasons and in what ways does the author say the same thing?
The author uses the future a lot throughout the piece to encourage that it is a positive change.
Where is the author trying to take a stand? Why? What relevance does the language hold to the meaning of the source as a wholeThe author is trying to take a stand to let these new polices improve the current state and allow for great opportunities. 
Why did the author use one word and not another? What meanings is he or she trying to use in the piece by selecting certain words?
The author used certain words based on the strong and more positive/negative it would have on the audience. Like when the author uses the word vital instead of any other word because vital is a strong word and shows more meaning than something like the word important. 
 
Question 3
For this section about the audience that the author is addressing, answer the following questions.
Who is or was the author trying to reach in the piece?
The author is trying to reach the people and even different groups to get everyone aware of these new policies and opportunities available. 
Could the message be meant for multiple audiences? If so, how could the meanings, intentions, or explanations be different for each audience?
This message could be meant for multiple audiences. The main purpose of this piece is to inform and explain these new policies and how they will help. 
What reaction is the author looking to get from the various audiences?
The author wants the audience to use these new opportunities and allow them to help. 
How would people from different time periods or those who have different experiences read this selection?
 People from different time periods or those who have different experiences might have different options on this piece. Different groups might disagree with the new policies and might think the will cause harm. People from different time periods have different views based on the experiences they have had with these polices or the economy. 
Question 4
For this section, consider the outcome of the economic policies and answer the following questions.
 
What do you believe will be the outcome of the policies and the social movements put into place?
The outcome of the economic policies might have both negative and positive effects. Some polices might have been more successful than others. With my knowledge of the Great Recession I would say there was more of a negative effect on the housing market and has had lasting effects. 

Essay:

Tori Bracy 
January 14, 2018
American History B
Project 1

Although two events may occur in different areas of history, they can be similar in many ways. The Great Depression and Great Recession are a great example of this. These events were in two completely different time frames, but have many similarities while having their individual differences based on the time they occurred. Looking at these two events economic policies, social views and political issues, these events relate to each other in a lot ways delisted their separation in time.  

Herbert Hoover made this letter before the Nation was hit by the Great Depression. His main goal with this speech was to discuss with America about houses and the financial state. Hoover wanted the people focus on and celebrate home ownership, home maintenance and improvement and encourage the citizens to buy home and improve their current homes. Hoovers letter was made in an effort to help the economy and the American people, however due to the timing (right before the Great depression) it seems like there was more of a negative effect. Economic conditions during this time needed to be improved and Hoover wanted to inspire the nation do work together. 

The five-and-ten poster held a lot of meaning and had big impact on the nation. The stores weren’t just meant to sell inexpensive merchandise. The store’s pricing policy was that nickel or dime would buy any item in the store. Five and dime was around before, during and after the great depression. The poster itself represent the different items that are sold for that price. It may have been used as some sort of advertisement. This document says a lot about the economic state. People were trying to sell their items at a low rate in order to make some money back. These stores allowed for people to buy items for less due to the economic situation they were in. 

President Bush’s fact sheet  was created in 2004, which was before the Great Recession. The purpose of the information in this document was to better the economy and people. Within this sheet multiple policies were included such as Association Health Plan. This gave America’s working families greater access to affordable health insurance. The bigger impact came from the housing polices. The housing market was one of biggest causes of the Great Recession. This time relates to the great depression in the sense that polices were made and people wanted to help the economy, but it actually resulted in the opposite. 

The Great Recession and the Great Depression had many similarities, from the causes to consequences. Both events dealt with political issues, different social views and economic policies. Even though these two economic problems occurred more than 50 years apart, they occurred in similar ways and experienced some of the same results. It can be thought that Great recession is considered to be a smaller version of the Great Depression.